ASD primarily affects three areas of behavior:
Because autism spectrum disorders are diagnosed based on behavior, the evaluation includes both formal assessments, as well as structured play and interaction scenarios. Standardized tests are used for this purpose, and may include:
The Wechsler scales are widely used and broadly accepted tests of cognitive skills for children with and without developmental delays or learning differences. The ADOS is a semi-structured assessment that specifically examines those behaviors commonly associated with autism. Other standardized instruments and informal measures may be used as needed to determine the presence of the behavioral characteristics of ASD.
Of course, each evaluation is designed to address the particular needs of each child and family. In addition to addressing the impact of behaviors often associated with autism, comprehensive evaluations may include an assessment of cognitive and intellectual skills, educational performance, social/emotional adjustment and independent living skills.
Similar to our Psycho-educational evaluations, an ASD evaluation will include an Intake appointment with the parents or caregivers, several evaluation sessions, and an Interpretative Parent Conference providing results and recommendations.
The cost of the evaluation depends on several factors, including:
Typically, testing is completed over three sessions. At times, two sessions are adequate. Our focus is on providing the best testing environment and ensuring that each child has the time and energy to do their very best. As a part of a multi-disciplinary practice, we can also assist in coordination of care with other therapists, including speech-language therapists, occupational therapists, physical therapists, educators and a psychiatrist.
For children ages 24-48 months of age, we recommend our Multidisciplinary Developmental Evaluation.
Experience: 1 year at C&FD, 3 years of experience
Education: Doctorate of School Psychology- University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Specialist in School Psychology- Western Carolina University, Bachelor of Arts in Psychology- University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Internships & Residencies: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine (joint appointment with the Carolina Institute for Developmental Disabilities and the TEACCH Autism Program)
Experience: 2 years at C&FD, 7 years of experience
Education: Doctorate of School Psychology- University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, BS in Human Development- Cornell University
Internships & Residencies: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Carolina Institute for Developmental Disabilities- University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine
Specialized Training: ADHD, Anxiety, Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Depression, Developmental Disabilities, Distress Tolerance and Mindfulness, Social Skills
Experience: 2 years at C&FD, 5 years of experience
Education: Doctorate in Clinical Psychology- Vanderbilt University, MA- University of Richmond, BA- Wake Forest University
Internships & Residencies: Postdoctoral Fellowship in Clinical Child Psychology- Stanford University Department of Psychiatry, Predoctoral Internship in Clinical Child/ Pediatric Psychology- University of Louisville
Specialized Training: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Dialectical Behavior Therapy for Adolescents, Interpersonal Therapy for Adolescents, Pivotal Response Training
Experience: 6 years at C&FD, 9 years of experience
Education: Doctorate of Clinical Psychology- Indiana University of Pennsylvania; M.A.- Indiana University of Pennsylvania, B.A.- Wake Forest University
Internships & Residencies: Postdoctoral Fellowship in Child Psychology at USC University Center for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities at Children's Hospital of Los Angeles
Specialized Training: ADHD, Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Cognitive Behavioral Therapy